The city of Hartford, located in Hartford County and a part of central Connecticut, is the state’s capital and often goes by the nickname the Insurance Capital of the World. First settled in 1635 by Thomas Hooker, John Haynes, and a group of 100 followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, it is one of the oldest towns in the state. Over time, Hartford grew to be one of the most prosperous cities in the nation, and by the late-19th century, was the wealthiest city in the country. Today, Hartford is known for the Colt Manufacturing Company, the city’s ties to Mark Twain and the Stowe family, and for its critical role in the evolution of the state.